Difference between revisions of "Yocto tests"

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==<font color="blue">GIT</font>==
==<font color="blue">Setup</font>==
* Step 1:
<font size='2'>
<font size='2'>
  git clone -b dylan git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky.git
  git clone -b dylan git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky.git
Line 26: Line 27:
  git clone -b dylan https://github.com/openembedded/meta-oe.git
  git clone -b dylan https://github.com/openembedded/meta-oe.git
* Step 2: Init environment
==<font color='blue'>Configure</font>==
* Step 1: Init environment
<font size='2'>
<font size='2'>
  cd poky
  cd poky
  . ./oe-init-build-env
  . ./oe-init-build-env
* Step 2: Edit ''build/conf/bblayers.conf'' - add paths to BBLAYERS:
* Step 3: Edit ''build/conf/bblayers.conf'' - add paths to BBLAYERS:
<font size='2'>
<font size='2'>
  <absolute-path>/meta-xilinx \
  <absolute-path>/meta-xilinx \
Line 42: Line 39:
  <absolute-path>/meta-ezynq \
  <absolute-path>/meta-ezynq \
* Step 3: Edit ''build/conf/local.conf'' - set MACHINE and other things:
* Step 4: Edit ''build/conf/local.conf'' - set MACHINE and other things:
<font size='2'>
<font size='2'>
   BB_NUMBER_THREADS = "8" (depends on the PC's CPU)
   BB_NUMBER_THREADS = "8" (depends on the PC's CPU)

Revision as of 15:15, 12 November 2013


  • All of the described things happen in Kubuntu 13.04
  • Building Linux images for Zynq platform - ARMv7

Output targets

Output folder: poky/build/tmp/deploy/images

These names are as they appear in the u-boot configuration header file - actual output files have different names:

  • boot.bin - u-boot as the first stage bootloader
  • devicetree.dtb - device tree with described interfaces, zynq registers, interrupts and drivers
  • uImage - kernel, drivers
  • uramdisk.image.gz - applications

Copy them on the micro SD card > run boot once in the u-boot command line.


  • Step 1:

git clone -b dylan git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky.git
cd poky (just for convenience)
git clone -b dylan https://github.com/Xilinx/meta-xilinx.git meta-xilinx (not needed)
git clone git://git.code.sf.net/p/elphel/meta-elphel393 meta-elphel393
git clone git://git.code.sf.net/p/elphel/meta-ezynq meta-ezynq
git clone -b dylan https://github.com/openembedded/meta-oe.git

  • Step 2: Init environment

cd poky
. ./oe-init-build-env

  • Step 3: Edit build/conf/bblayers.conf - add paths to BBLAYERS:

<absolute-path>/meta-xilinx \
<absolute-path>/meta-xilinx/meta-zedboard \
<absolute-path>/meta-elphel393 \
<absolute-path>/meta-ezynq \

  • Step 4: Edit build/conf/local.conf - set MACHINE and other things:

 BB_NUMBER_THREADS = "8" (depends on the PC's CPU)
 PARALLEL_MAKE = "-j 8" (depends on the PC's CPU)
 MACHINE ?= "elphel393" (based on MACHINE="zedboard" )

Build ezynq-u-boot

bitbake ezynq-u-boot


  • poky/build/tmp/deploy/images/boot.bin


  • Is there a way to build it by running bitbake elphel393 (elphel393 is the name of the ramdisk core image - currently coincides with the name of the MACHINE)

Build kernel

bitbake linux-xlnx


  • poky/build/tmp/deploy/images/uImage (kernel)
  • poky/build/tmp/deploy/images/devicetree.dtb (or some *.dtb)


  • Sources are cloned to:


  • If you change files like debug drivers for example, when done editing run:

bitbake linux-xlnx -c compile
bitbake linux-xlnx -c deploy

  • When linux-xlnx is 'clean' it is built with the ramdisk.image.gz by bitbake elphel393, however the boot.bin does not, why?

Build ramdisk.image.gz

bitbake elphel393


  • poky/build/tmp/deploy/images/uramdisk.image.gz (the file has *.u-boot extension after it's built)


  • Current packages:
  • Also works:
IMAGE_INSTALL_append = "python-core"
  • Why python-core and not python?
    • poky/meta/recipes-devtools/python/python-2.7-manifest.inc has a list in PACKAGES, items from which should go into IMAGE_INSTALL
    • Among all there's no python in the PACKAGES list.
    • Does hob install all the PACKAGES if python is checked? Haven't tried, also the used hob version doesn't support saving recipes.
  • (Is there a better solution for kubuntu 13.04? in kubuntu 12.10 there are no errors mentioned below - or is it just newer version?) Steps for adding packages:
    • Clone meta-oe from OpenEmbedded (ia already cloned in the GIT-step):
git clone -b dylan https://github.com/openembedded/meta-oe.git
    • Lines to bblayers.conf:
   <absolute-path>/meta-oe/meta-oe \
   <absolute-path>/poky/meta-oe/meta-webserver \
    • elphel393.bb (some discussions mention the leading space is mandatory but somehow it works even without it):
IMAGE_INSTALL_append = "<mandatory space?>python-core \
                       i2c-tools \
                       mtd-utils \
                       net-tools \
                       openssh \
                       modphp \
                       apache2 \
    • Why php-cli and not just php?
PACKAGES = "${PN}-dbg ${PN}-cli ${PN}-cgi ${PN}-fpm ${PN}-fpm-apache2 ${PN}-pear ${PN}-dev ${PN}-staticdev ${PN}-doc ${PN}"
      • PACKAGES list includes php. What is installed? (No php-cli: missing /usr/bin/php) Didn't investigate.
      • What does hob build if php is checked? Didn't test.
      • Using php-cli increases the unpacked image size from ~16MB to ~50MB.
    • To fix the ERROR="Could not inherit file classes/vala.bbclass" in bitbake copy vala.bbclass from oe-core? or delete the conflicting recipes (2?)?
    • To fix the ERROR="Failed to parse krb5_1.11.3.bb" in bitbake delete the directory meta-oe/meta-oe/recipes-connectivity/krb5

U-boot and device tree related notes

  • The default UNPACKED ramdisk max size for zynq is 16MB - once it gets bigger you get KERNEL PANIC - the solution is modifying the device tree - then recompile into DTB:
*.dts, add to bootargs parameter ramdisk_size=32768 (takes KB), example:
bootargs = "console=ttyPS0,115200 root=/dev/ram rw ip= earlyprintk ramdisk_size=65536";
  • The default COMPRESSED ramdisk max size for zynq is 10MB set in u-boot - change according to your needs, example:
"sdboot=echo Copying Linux from SD to RAM... && " \
               "mmcinfo && " \
               "fatload mmc 0 0x3000000 ${kernel_image} && " \
               "fatload mmc 0 0x2A00000 ${devicetree_image} && " \
               "fatload mmc 0 0x2000000 ${ramdisk_image} && " \
               "bootm 0x3000000 0x2000000 0x2A00000\0" \

So, the max sizes:
compressed ramdisk    = 0x2A00000 - 0x2000000 = 0xA00000 = 10MB
devicetree = 0x3000000 - 0x2A00000 = 0x600000 = 6MB

Build everything all together

bitbake ezynq-u-boot linux-xlnx elphel393

Build toolchain (not necessary)

  • Step 1: build

bitbake meta-toolchain

  • Step 2: install - launch installer from <some-path>/poky/build/tmp/deploy/

Add a patch to a recipe


  • Goal: apply a patch to linux-xlnx files
  • Step 1:

bitbake linux-xlnx

  • Step 2: Go to where the linux-xlnx got cloned - find and edit the target file:


  • Step 3: In the mentioned above directory run:

git diff > somefile.patch

  • Step 4: Copy the patch file into recipes/kernel/linux/linux-xlnx/.
  • Step 5: Edit the recipe, here it's linux-xlnx.inc, add a line like the following:

Apply the patch when building for any MACHINE:

SRC_URI_append += "file://xilinx_nandps.patch"

or only a certain MACHINE="elphel393"

SRC_URI_append_elphel393 += "file://xilinx_nandps.patch"

  • Step 6(?):

bitbake linux-xlnx -c clean -f
bitbake linux-xlnx